"First Liberator of the Americas"
The Gaspar Yanga statue is located in Mexico in the state of Vera Cruz. It resides about 50 miles from the state capital of Xalapa in a city named Yanga. Above you will find several photos of the monument that the inhabitants of this region call “El Yanga”. Beneath the statue is an inscription in spanish.
The English translation of this Spanish inscription reads as follows:
African Black liberator and precursor of the black slaves who founded the town of San Lorenzo de Cerralvo (now Yanga) by agreement of the viceroy of New Spain, Rodrigo Pacheco, on the third day of October 1631 by order of the viceroy’s pen.Village Captain Hernando of Castro Espinosa H. Ayuntamento Constl. 1973-1976.”
This statue was created in honor of Gaspar Yanga. According to local legends, Gaspar Yanga was a member of the royal family in Gabon prior to being kidnapped and enslaved. Gaspar Yanga or Yanga as he is affectionately called is widely considered to have established one of the first free black settlements in North or South America. He founded the settlement after rebelling against colonial Spanish rule and slavery, fleeing to the mountains and establishing an agricultural community in 1570. After numerous battles with the Spanish, the town of San Lorenzo de Los Negros, now called Yanga (Mexico), was officially recognized as a free black settlement by the Spanish in 1618. Every year in August, the locals have a carnival to commemorate and celebrate the defeating of the Spanish, and creation and establisment of the 1st free city for Blacks in the Americas.